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Friday, November 13, 2020 | History

1 edition of Utilization of novel mutants for development of biological functions in crops found in the catalog.

Utilization of novel mutants for development of biological functions in crops

Utilization of novel mutants for development of biological functions in crops

reported [sic] of symposium held on July 2-3, 1992.

by

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  • 40 Currently reading

Published by Institute of Radiation Breeding, NIAR MAFF in Ōmiya-machi, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken, Japan .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Plant mutation breeding -- Congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    SeriesGamma field symposia,, no. 31
    ContributionsHōshasen Ikushujō.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsSB123 .U78 1992
    The Physical Object
    Paginationviii, 129 p. :
    Number of Pages129
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL300234M
    LC Control Number97207233
    OCLC/WorldCa32529250

    Here, r is the sex ratio at birth, b and d are density-dependent birth and death rates (per capita), respectively, and N is the total population size at each instant of time. Model () is a deterministic birth–death process with no immigration or emigration effects. P(M) is the female mating rate. In fact, P(M) represents the probability of male–female encounter in the closed population.


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Utilization of novel mutants for development of biological functions in crops Download PDF EPUB FB2

Gain-of-function mutants provide insight into the utilization of plant gene resources in functional genomics Mutants are useful tools for analyzing the function of target genes; for this reason, massive numbers of mutants and other research materials have been created by physical mutagenesis (i.e.

irradiation), chemical mutagenesis, or genetic Cited by: 1. Gain-of-function mutants may represent a different spectrum of mutants that have not been isolated as conventional loss-of-function mutants (Nakazawa et al.

In contrast to the loss-of-function mutants that cause a recessive phenotype, gain-of-function mutants behave dominantly in their T 1 generation (Weigel et al.Bouche and Cited by: The concept of a mutant is a common trope in comic books and science new phenotypes that appear in fictional mutations generally go far beyond what is typically seen in biological mutants and often result in the mutated life form exhibiting superhuman abilities or qualities.

Books shelved as mutants: The Angel Experiment by James Patterson, School's Out—Forever by James Patterson, Saving the World and Other Extreme Sports by. @article{osti_, title = {Characterization of novel sorghum brown midrib mutants from an EMS-mutagenized population}, author = {Sattler, Scott E.

and Saballos, Ana and Xin, Zhanguo and Funnell-Harris, Deanna L. and Vermerris, Wilfred and Pedersen, Jeffrey F.}, abstractNote = {Reducing lignin concentration in lignocellulosic biomass can increase forage digestibility for ruminant livestock. Despite recent intensive research efforts in functional genomics, the functions of only a limited number of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) genes have been determined experimentally, and improving gene annotation remains a major challenge in plant science.

As metabolite profiling can characterize the metabolomic phenotype of a genetic perturbation in the plant metabolism, it provides. Genome-editing tools provide advanced biotechnological techniques that enable the precise and efficient targeted modification of an organism’s genome. Genome-editing systems have been utilized in a wide variety of plant species to characterize gene functions and improve agricultural traits.

We describe the current applications of genome editing in plants, focusing on its potential for crop. Abstract: Mutagenesis is a fundamental approach in plant biology to identify the gene function. Induction of mutations and development of stable mutagenic population Utilization of novel mutants for development of biological functions in crops book physical, chemical or biological means are the most effective and low-cost tools in breeding crop legumes for desirable agronomic traits through enhancement of tractable and utilizable genomic variations.

It will be necessary to integrate current knowledge in agronomy, molecular physiology, eco-physiology and genetics to guide, develop and integrate novel methods and concepts for improving NUE in crops. This knowledge development and integration can be performed through the use of quantitative genetics for QTL and candidate gene detection (KD The use of GE feed, on the other hand, has had a steady increase in all countries.

GE biofortified tomato for carotenoids with biological functions, namely provitamin A, lutein, and zeaxanthin, could have interesting market potentiality in the near future. • The sustained supply of new and diverse types of chemical and biological disease-control agents, and their careful introduction, are seen as key anti-resistance strategies.

This aspect of product development is now increasingly recognised by national and international registration authorities, many of. from book Biological Management of Diseases of Crops (pp) Biological Management of Diseases of Crops Chapter February with 24 Reads.

Both loss-of-function mutants showed increased immun This technology was also used in cacao and papaya to increase resistance against Phytophthora tropicalis and. Potential mutants were identified as having white, or pale blue, roots under these conditions. Out of approximately 79 T‐DNA mutagenised seedlings screened, two mutants with reduced acid phosphatase staining were further characterised.

Both exhibited reduced growth and differences in their P contents when compared to wild‐type A. Plants employ terpenoid metabolites for a variety of basic functions in growth and development but use the majority of terpenoids for more specialized chemical interactions and protection in the.

This elegant, humane, and engaging book “captures what we know of the development of what makes us human” (Nature).

Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device s: Amitav Bhattacharya, in Effect of High Temperature on Crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules, Gibberellins.

Gibberellins serve a vital role in coordinating growth and development in seed development. In pea, the gibberellin biosynthesis mutant lh-2 (Davidson et al., ) has very low gibberellin levels in developing seeds, increased seed abortion, and markedly smaller seeds.

Developing countries' share of global use of cereals for animal feed nearly doubled (to 36%) from the early s to the late s (Delgado ).

Some cropland has been converted to other uses, including urban development around many major cities. Mutants gives a brilliant narrative account of our genetic code and the captivating people whose bodies have revealed it--a French convent girl who found herself changing sex at puberty; children who, echoing Homer's Cyclops, are born with a single eye in the middle of their foreheads; a village of long-lived Croatian dwarves; one family, whose bodies were entirely covered/5().

Biotechnology is the use of artificial methods to modify the genetic material of living organisms or cells to produce novel compounds or to perform new functions. Biotechnology has been used for improving livestock and crops since the beginning of agriculture through selective breeding.

Studies of microbial 16S rRNA gene sequences have revealed that 4 × 10 6 different microbial taxa are present per ton of soil and that 10 9 cells.

Development and characterization of rice mutants for functional genomic studies and breeding, Mutagenesis: exploring novel genes and pathways, /. Goals / Objectives The goal of this research is to provide insights into abscisic acid (ABA)-regulated cellular processes by identifying novel molecular components in ABA homeostasis and signaling, which can lead to development of crops with improved water stress tolerance.

In order to achieve the goal, we propose studies with following specific aims: (i) Identify novel molecular components in. Metabolism of Leaf Starch in L. japonicus. To examine the extent of diurnal starch turnover in leaves of L.

japonicus, plants of the two wild-type ecotypes commonly used in research on this species, Miyakojima MG and Gifu B (referred to as MG and Gifu, respectively), were grown in a h-light/h-dark cycle in a growth leaf starch contents were measured at the end of.

organisms and crops. Novel reverse-genetic strategies, such as Targeting Induced Local Lesions IN Genomes (TILLING), are being used for the production of stable genetic stocks of mutant plant populations such as Arabidopsis, barley, soybean, tomato and wheat.

These can be kept for many years and screened repeatedly for different traits. A novel observation in the current study was different patterns of use by parent gender and age.

Mothers appeared to divide their attention between phone and child, whereas fathers evidenced more continuous mobile phone use during which there was lower responsiveness towards children during the meal.

Apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction is a subgenre of science fiction, science fantasy, dystopian or horror in which the Earth's technological civilization is collapsing or has collapsed. The apocalypse event may be climatic, such as runaway climate change; astronomical, such as an impact event; destructive, such as nuclear holocaust or resource depletion; medical, such as a pandemic.

1 Agriculture Terms & Definitions Adapted from the USDA Acid Soil: A soil with an acid reaction, a pH less than Acre: A parcel of land, containing 4, square yards or 43, square feet. Agriculture: The utilization of biological processes on farms to produce food and other products useful and necessary to man.

Both a “way of life” and a “means of life” for the people involved in. Seed Technology and Its Biological Basis covers the most current advances in seed development and regulation. Edited by a renowned seed biologist with a team assembled from the most respected laboratories worldwide, Seed Technology and Its Biological Basis illustrates the commercial value of seeds as a major resource.5/5(1).

The vivid yellow, orange, and red colors in many horticultural crops are attributed to high levels of carotenoid accumulation in chromoplasts. 1,2 In addition to giving horticultural crops their. eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THE can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader.

(An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THE is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.).

Book Subject Areas Physical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Chemistry () Computer and Information Science () Earth and Planetary Sciences () Engineering () Materials Science () Mathematics (52) Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials () Physics () Robotics (96). This paper discusses the comparison of mutagenesis caused by exposure to ethyl methanesulfonate and to ion beams of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cultivars Xanthi and Bright Yellow) embryos during the reproduction cycle.

Novel mutants produced by irradiation with ion beams are also presented. The novel roles, shifted functions, and altered regulation of bHLH gene expression and protein behaviour point to an evolutionary ‘rewiring’ of the adapted core family of conserved regulators to achieve stomatal organisation and patterning in grasses that is distinct from dicots (Fig.

On top of the transcriptional regulation of cell. The idea of "mutation" as a concept for use in understanding biological Evolution was popularized by Hugo de Vries () in Die Mutationstheorie (); he related it to gross hereditary variations – the freakish "sports" which occasionally turn up in animal sports are usually short-lived and sterile, and Charles Darwin () had rejected the notion that.

Arab. Book: e Liu J, Rice A, McGlew K, Shaw V, Park H, Clemente T, Pollard M, Ohlrogge J, Durrett TP () Metabolic engineering of oilseed crops to produce high levels of novel acetyl glyceride oils with reduced viscosity, freezing point and calorific value.

Plant Biotechnol J The idea of a mutant is a common trope in comic books and science fiction. The new phenotypes that appear in fictional mutations (who often have superpowers) generally go far beyond what is typically seen in biological mutants, and often result in the mutated life form exhibiting superhuman abilities.

Mutants Novels. A safety margin is the factor that is added to account for uncertainties. For example, if a chronic test in fish showed no effects at 10μg/L, an assessment factor of 10 is still added, meaning that the acceptable concentration in water would be only 1μg/L.

Safety factors in environmental risk assessments vary depending on area and test system, and are typically higher for the assessment of. Studying the function of a gene/protein: Some basic principles and nomenclature aIn vivo: in a living organism (living bacteria, yeast, monkey, christmas tree) aEx vivo: in an organ explant, eg.

a tissue biopsy aIn vitro: in a reagent tube; a synthetic setup aIn silico: computerbased simulation and/or data-analysis Methods to study gene function. His group has also developed a wide range of big data, bioinformatic, and molecular tools that have been used to characterize and tap diversity in over 2, species.

Currently, his group is developing approaches to use multiple sources of biological knowledge to design sustainable energy-efficient crops that are adapted to numerous environments.

A major tool of developmental geneticists is the ordering of genes in functional pathways. In this chapter, we explain the logic behind constructing pathways, starting from the knowledge of the relevant phenotypes associated with the genes of interest, assuming that careful analysis of the phenotype has been carried out.

In this novel, a mutant is deliberately engineered by a scientist who injects a serum into his wife, creating a super human offspring. Full text. Site dedicated to the novel, including covers. Kindle book. – “The Man Who Evolved” by Edmond Hamilton. First story portraying the use of “cosmic rays” in creating super human mutants?Using a novel screen for sugar-response mutants based on the activity of a luciferase reporter gene under the control of the sugar-inducible promoter of the ApL3 gene, we have isolated high sugar-response (hsr) mutants that exhibit elevated luciferase activity and ApL3 expression in response to low sugar concentrations.